Medial epicondylitis, also known as golfer’s elbow, and lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is a painful condition that affects the tendons in the elbow. The epicondyles of the elbow are bony prominences on the inner and outer sides of the elbow. These conditions are often caused by repetitive movements that strain the forearm tendons, leading to inflammation and microtears.
Despite their names, these conditions can impact any individual engaging in activities that involve repetitive wrist and forearm movements. Common risk factors of epicondylitis include smoking, obesity, repetitive movement of affected arm for at least 2 hours daily, and forceful activity.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF EPICONDYLITIS?
- Pain or tenderness along the elbow or forearm
- Pain worsens with wrist extension or wrist flexion
- Weakness of the forearm
- Weakened grip strength
HOW IS EPICONDYLITIS DIAGNOSED?
- Review of medical history and physical examination
- Imaging modalities such as ultrasound or MRI
- Diagnostic injection into affected epicondylitis
HOW IS EPICONDYLITIS PREVENTED?
- Stretching before activity
- Strengthening arm muscles
HOW IS EPICONDYLITIS TREATED?
Treatment options may include:
- Short-term rest
- Icing or heat therapy
- Physical therapy
- Over the counter or prescription medications
- Therapeutic injections: steroid injections, regenerative injections
- Surgical intervention
Understanding how to identify, prevent, and treat epicondylitis is essential to maintaining optimal elbow health. If you or someone you know is suffering from elbow pain, contact us for a consultation at Remedy Pain Solutions.