The achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the calf muscle to the heel bone and is used when you walk, run, and jump. Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon. Athletes are at a higher risk of developing achilles tendinitis due to repetitive strain that their tendons undergo during training that involves running or jumping. Older adults are also at higher risk of developing this condition due to age-related changes, such as decreased elasticity and blood flow.
WHAT CAUSES ACHILLES TENDINITIS?
Achilles tendinitis is typically caused by overuse or repetitive strain of the Achilles tendon. This can be due to activities such as running, jumping, or other high-impact sports. It can also be caused by ill-fitting shoes, having tight calf muscles, or a sudden increase in physical activity.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ACHILLES TENDINITIS?
- Heel pain and stiffness
- Heel tenderness
- Swelling on the back of the leg
- Limited range of motion of the ankle
HOW IS ACHILLES TENDINITIS DIAGNOSED?
Review of medical history and physical examination
Imaging modalities to rule out other possible causes
HOW IS ACHILLES TENDINITIS TREATED?
- Ice therapy
- Over-the-counter or prescription medications
- Physical therapy
- Regenerative injection therapies
- Surgical repair
HOW IS ACHILLES TENDINITIS PREVENTED?
- Stretches before exercising
- Wearing properly fitted shoes
- Gradually increasing the intensity of physical activity
- Strengthening the calf muscles
Achilles tendinitis can be a debilitating condition, but it can be prevented and treated with proper care and attention.